ENHANGCING RESPONSIBILITY OF KINDERGARTEN 3 STUDENTs BY 5-STEP LEARNING PROCESS AND GROUP ACTIVITY THROUNG LESSON STUDY WITH PROFESSIONAL LEARNING COMMUNITY

Miss Satinee  Klungnin
Satit Pattana  School, Thailand
Satinee@satitpattana.ac.th

Background and Problem

Responsibility is an essential quality of a good citizen. This quality must be taught and cultivated in a person since his or her early childhood especially in Kindergarten 3 students who are stepping forward to be first graders in primary level. The kindergarten 3 teachers must support the students’ self responsibility in daily routine, learning task, following classroom’s rules and taking care of classroom’s environment. This is to teach and encourage students to learn more effectively in a higher level. Thereby, the learning activities for kindergarten 3 students must provide opportunities for the students to develop their responsibilities in different fields including a chance to build up teamwork among peers to boost up the sense of co-responsibility. In consequence, as a kindergarten 3 teacher, I adopted 5-step learning process, group activities in my lessons to enhance students’ responsibility.  

The study objectives were:

  • To analyze important aspects of the redesign of the lesson plans to support responsibility development of kindergarten 3 students by using 5-step learning process and group activities.
  • To analyze the changes in responsibility development of the kindergarten 3 students
  • To analyze teacher professional learning and practice development through Lesson Study (LS) and Professional Learning Community (PLC).

Target Group

25 Kindergarten 3 students of Satit Pattana School (a large private school in the suburb of Bangkok, Thailand)

Study Instruments:

  • a responsibility assessment form
  • 4 redesigned plans
  • a teacher log book
  • a self-evaluation of planning form (using in lesson study the activity)
  • a self-evaluation lesson plan implementation form (using in lesson study the activity)

The findings were as followers:

  • Each of the 4 redesigned lesson plans was structured by 5 steps learning process (questioning, searching, constructing, communicating and serving) with small group activities. The learning concepts were responsibilities in daily routine, learning task, following classroom’s rules and taking care of classroom’s environment.
  • Totally 20 students (80%) had development in their responsibility. 5 students (20%) maintained their good level of responsibility.
  • Collaborating with my buddy teacher and PLC members supported me to better understand “how the 5-step learning process and group activity enhanced students’ responsibility development responsibilities in daily routine, learning task, following classroom’s rules and taking care of classroom’s environment. The LS / PLC learning experience supported my professional development effectively.


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